Have fun with your baby (from 4 to 6 months old) performing early stimulation exercises
During the first four years of life, your little one’s brain has the capacity to easily absorb all of the visual, auditory, olfactory and gustatory information it’s exposed to, so it’s highly recommendable to make the most of this period.
An excellent option for supporting your baby’s learning is early stimulation. This teaching method will help strengthen your baby’s body while also aiding in his or her mental and emotional development. Here are some different types of early stimulation you can perform:
- Gross motor stimulation will help your baby develop movement and balance in his or her legs, arms, head and trunk.
- Fine motor stimulation will help your baby develop hand coordination and skills.
- Language stimulation will help your baby develop speech by communicating with you.
- Social and affective stimulation will teach your baby to express his or her emotions.
If you decide to perform these stimulation exercises at home, we recommend setting up a room for this purpose. It should be colorful and decorated with geometric figures, numbers, the alphabet, little animals and plenty of brightly colored mats and pillows. You should always set the mood with children’s music or classical music.
Remember that a baby’s development is directly related to its age, so it’s important for the activities you choose to be the most appropriate ones for each stage of your baby’s life. Below, you’ll find some useful guidelines:
Early stimulation for infants from 4 to 6 months of age
By this stage, your little one will make much more use of his or her senses and body movements, which is why we recommend incorporating the following elements:
- Treasure box: take a colorful box made of any type of material and place various objects inside for your baby to explore on his or her own.
- Sensory tunnel: hang pieces of fabric of different textures in a large box, creating a tunnel your little one can crawl through to experience different sensations.
- Learning materials: incorporate materials such as different textured paper, cloth and non-toxic paints.
- Bath toys: select colorful toys to entertain your baby during bath time.
- Varied sounds: you can include sounds of animals, plants, the sea or a river, for example. There are numerous apps you can download on your smartphone or tablet for this purpose.
Here are some types of early stimulation you can introduce to your baby during these months:
Gross motor stimulation
- Place your baby face down and give him or her back massages with your fingers, always moving from top to bottom rather than the other way around.
- Place your baby face up, hold a colorful toy in front of him or her and use the palm of your hand to gently push the sole of your baby’s foot forward.
- Seat your baby next to several cushions to prevent him or her from falling over.
- Play with your baby’s hands and help him or her clap.
- Place your baby in a seated position when dressing or bathing to gradually build muscular strength.
Fine motor stimulation
- Once your baby is able to hold objects, let him or her examine them and play with them.
- Place interesting objects of different textures near your baby and encourage him or her to pick them up.
- Take your baby’s hand and touch his or her nose, mouth and eyes.
- Help your baby clap in front of his or her face.
- Call your baby by name clearly.
- Every time your baby cries out or babbles, imitate the sound and talk to him or her.
- Talk to your baby and always smile at him or her.
- Always reward your baby’s efforts with a smile.
- Hold your baby in front of a mirror and say, “That’s you!”.
- Get your baby used to sharing with others.
- Cover your baby’s face and wait for him or her to uncover it.